Our Crop Care Series shares quick tips that you can personally apply on your farm in managing nutrient deficiencies or pest and disease infestations. This week we are focusing on nutrient deficiencies. By looking at the leaves of your crop plants, you can infer what nutrients your crop needs. And with that diagnosis you can apply the necessary fertilizer required.
We will be focusing on 5 potential nutrient deficiencies. If you think we have missed out on anything, do let us know in the comments section.
You are likely to notice darkening around the edges of leaves. There could also be small or absent flowers, which are signs of stunted growth. This is fairly popular with Jute leaves (local names; Ewedu, Ahinghara or Rama).
If you happen to also have a fish farm, just take some water from the pond or pool and apply to the affected area.
The leaves are likely to be yellow or pale green, and growth will be stunted. You have probably seen this with maize crops.
Fret not! Grow nitrogen-rich plants like beans and peas close to the affected area.
Some signs are brown spots, brown or yellow veins or yellow edges on the leaves. This might be as a result of drought or disease so watch carefully!
If you have banana or plantain peels, this can help. Just bury them in one inch into your soil, and you will provide the required nutrients while keeping away pesky aphids. Not sure how to get the peels? There must be a boli food vendor around you to ask!
“With Farmz2U’s Crop Care Series, you can perform diagnostics on your farm and implement low-cost solutions!”
Yellowing is a common theme across most deficiencies, so the same applies here. Yellowing of the veins and edges of the leaves. It is common with vegetables like tomatoes and pepper.
A quick solution is applying salt directly to the top of the soil.
Last but not least! Expect yellow spots between the leaf veins.
A weird and quick fix is adding crushed egg shells into the soil. This might be readily available if you are a poultry farmer. Alternatively you can pay ask a bakery that uses lots of eggs
Hope this gives you some ideas on affordable ways of managing your farm.